Asthma: how to use your inhaler?

Asthma is a bronchial disease that can affect all ages without exception. Fortunately, inhalation treatments exist to neutralize it. However, they should be used well. 

Interest of an inhaler treatment

Dulera inhaler treatment is used to:

  • Crisis treatment: inhalation relieves the attack by dilating the bronchi;
  • The basic treatment: drugs taken every day can prevent new attacks, by acting on the chronic inflammation of the bronchi.

Inhaled treatments are the main treatments in asthma for several reasons:

  • They allow to administer the drug to the target organ (bronchi);
  • Drug doses can be better managed and therefore relatively low (they do not need to be diluted throughout the body);
  • Few side effects because little blood passage of the drug in this inhaled treatment process.

The main types of inhalers

There are 4 main types of inhalers:

  • Pressurized inhalers are the most common, pressurized metered dose inhalers. They require a good coordination of the lungs, that is to say that the moment of inhalation must be perfectly synchronized with the moment when the triggering button is pressed;
  • The self-triggered pressurized inhalers: they self-trigger the departure of the product to the bronchi during inhalation;
  • Inhalers of dry powder  : they make it possible to diffuse a powder that the patient will inhale and thus avoid the problems of coordination of the lungs;
  • Inhalers of brumisat: they diffuse a small cloud in which is the product. In this, they look like aerosols.

How good are asthma inhalers?

To properly use these inhaled treatments, it is important to:

  • Know how to inhale the product.
  • Prepare the dose correctly (a lever to be lowered or a button to be pressed).
  • Adapt, according to the inhaled device: for a pressurized metered dose inhaler, one will proceed to a slow and deep inhalation, a good hand-lung coordination, when one presses and one inhales the product. For a dry powder, inhalation will be fast and powerful.
  • Once the treatment has been inhaled, it is important to maintain an apnea for at least 5 seconds after taking the treatment, to allow time for the product to settle in the lungs. If we breathe normally immediately after, we reject a portion of product.

Errors not to commit

It is essential not to make mistakes like:

  • Do not arm the device and therefore do not trigger the dose
  • Have poor coordination such as inhaling and releasing the piston too late. 

Critical errors, which will lead to not administering a sufficient dose at the pin level, may explain poorly controlled asthma.

Asthma affects all ages but is predominantly female, and is more common in infancy and menopause.